College of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences
Tokenism occurs when there are a small number of minority members within a work group. Token minority members sometimes experience structural and cultural practices which prevent them from advocating for one another or future minority members within the organization. Aspects of tokenism include heightened visibility, isolation, and stereotyping. This study uses interviews from female veterans in the United States military to understand their experiences of tokenism and how these experiences shaped their ability to resist sexism and advocate for cultural changes at work.
Brookshire, Aislinn R.
"Tokenism & Resistance: Gender, Sexism, and Culture in the United States Military,"
Perpetua: The UAH Journal of Undergraduate Research: Vol. 2:
1, Article 6.
Available at: https://louis.uah.edu/perpetua/vol2/iss1/6