Static accuracy analysis of Vicon T40s motion capture cameras arranged externally for motion capture in constrained aquatic environments


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Journal of Biomechanics


While the capabilities of land-based motion capture systems in biomechanical applications have been previously reported, the possibility of using motion tracking systems externally to reconstruct markers submerged inside an aquatic environment has been under explored. This study assesses the ability of a motion capture system (Vicon T40s) arranged externally to track a retro-reflective marker inside a glass tank filled with water and without water. The reflective tape used for marker creation in this study was of Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) grade as the conventional marker loses its reflective properties when submerged. The overall trueness calculated based on the mean marker distance errors, varied between 0.257 mm and 0.290 mm in different mediums (air, glass and water). The overall precision calculated based on mean standard deviation of mean marker distances at different locations varied between 0.046 mm and 0.360 mm in different mediums. Our results suggest, that there is no significant influence of the presence of water on the overall static accuracy of the marker center distances when markers were made of SOLAS grade reflective tape. Using optical motion tracking systems for evaluating locomotion in aquatic environment can help to better understand the effects of aquatic therapy in clinical rehabilitation, especially in scenarios that involve equipment, such as an underwater treadmill which generally have constrained capture volumes for motion capture.

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