Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

Committee Chair

Sarma Rani

Committee Member

Kader Frendi

Committee Member

Jason Cassibry

Committee Member

Sivaguru Ravindran

Committee Member

Babak Shotorban

Committee Member

Brent Webb


Radiative transfer--Computer simulation, Heat--Radiation and absorption


A narrow band model (NBM) with the absorption coefficient as the fundamental radiative property is investigated so that numerical solution methods compatible with the differential form of the radiative transfer equation (RTE) may be employed. The advantage of a NBM based on the absorption coefficient rather than the transmissivity is that the expression for the mean absorption coefficient is independent of the functional form of the probability density function for spectral line intensities, P(S). Accordingly, it is seen that the narrow-band mean absorption coefficient κη=S/d, where S and d are the mean line intensity and mean line spacing, respectively, consists of a narrow band. The mean absorption coefficient κη may be directly used in solving the differential RTE without having to specify a path length. Two approaches were considered for obtaining the ratio of S and d. The first, referred to here as NBM with EM2C data, involves using S/d values tabulated in the EM2C narrow-band property database. In the second approach, denoted as NBM with spectral averaging, κη is evaluated by directly averaging the line-by-line absorption coefficients over the narrow band. Accuracy of the two NBM approaches is investigated through comparison with three other methods for calculating spectral radiative properties: (1) line-by-line (LBL) calculations that serve as the benchmark, with the spectral absorption coefficients obtained from the HITEMP 2010 database, (2) spectral line-based weighted sum of gray gases (SLW) method, and (3) wavenumber-selective line-by-line (WS-LBL) calculations wherein the absorption coefficients are directly picked from the LBL spectrum at discrete wavenumbers separated by an interval equal to the width of the narrow band. The five spectral approaches - NBM with EM2C data, NBM with spectral averaging, LBL, SLW, and WS-LBL - are applied to compute the radiative fluxes and flux divergences in a number of 1-D and 2-D non-gray enclosures. The enclosure cases were chosen to study the effects of medium optical depth, as well as inhomogeneities in medium temperature and species concentrations, on the accuracy of the narrow band models.



To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.