Date of Award

2020

Document Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Department

History

Committee Chair

Andrei Gandila

Committee Member

Stephen P. Waring

Committee Member

Nicole Pacino

Subject(s)

Roman provinces--Administration., Imperialism., Acculturation--Rome., Rome--Ethnic relations., Rome--Foreign relations--510-30 B.C., Rome--History--Empire 510-30 B.C.

Abstract

The concept of Romanization, or Rome’s process of making its newly conquered provinces more like Rome, has fallen out of favor in recent decades and has been replaced by a succession of postcolonial frameworks that progressively decenter Rome from the transformation process. I argue, against this new orthodoxy, that Rome was actively responsible for imposing profound social changes on its provincial populations that resulted in a shift toward Roman culture in the interest of Roman imperialism. This affected every segment of every conquered population, though the details of individual experiences varied widely, as can be seen in analysis along geographical, social status and gender lines. This thesis assesses these changes in provincial societies by analyzing culture pre- and post-Rome, exemplified by primary case studies of Spain and Britain and smaller studies of Africa Proconsularis, Dacia, and Pontus-Bithynia, asserting the validity of Romanization as a framework.

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