Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



Committee Chair

Jodi Price

Committee Member

Aurora Torres

Committee Member

Jeffrey Neuschatz


Math anxiety, Problem solving--Ability testing, Mathematics--Study and teaching--Psychological aspects.


Past research demonstrated that a variety of factors contribute to the severity of math anxiety and its detriments on math performance. The present study examined the influence of performance pressure, sex, second-hand success or failure of a male or female, and problem difficulty on math anxiety and performance. The design included a 2 (Participant sex: male, female) x 2 (Student actor sex: male, female) x 2 (Video outcome: success, failure) x 2 (Problem difficulty: easy, difficult) x 2 (Pressure: low, high) mixed design. Participants (UAH students, n = 232) were recruited from introductory psychology courses and completed the study via Qualtrics. The pressure manipulation was found to be ineffective. Participants’ math anxiety and performance were most influenced when watching a male fail at solving problems. These results could be used to mitigate the influence of stereotypes on math anxiety and performance in education.



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